In 2010, two scientists received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of a new material. Six years earlier they used adhesive to lift a layer of carbon from a block of graphite and then placed it layer on a silicon wafer, creating “graphene.” Graphene is essentially a two dimensional layer of carbon having amazing physical properties. It is 200 times stronger than steel and carries 1000 times the electrical current of copper having the same density, yet it is transparent and flexible.
In 2014, the Chinese built the world’s largest 3D printer in the hopes of constructing buildings out of a graphene and fiberglass matrix of sorts. Others are expected to follow suit, revolutioning the world of 3D printing.